Causes And Symptoms Of Heavy Periods That Every Woman Must Be Aware Of

Menstrual bleeding, which lasts for more than seven days and has excessive flow, often painful, is referred to as menorrhagia. However, this condition is relatively prevalent among most women. It is observed that almost one in two women experiences heavy bleeding during periods without any specific medical reason. However, in some cases, it could be an indication of a serious underlying ailment, and she should seek treatment for heavy painful periods.

If your menstrual flow produces unusual quantities of blood, to such an extent that you have to change your tampon or pad every hour for many hours continuously, then you may be facing the problem of menorrhagia. In some cases, a woman may require a laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery to cure the problem.

Additional signs of this condition include:

  • Passage of blood clots with the flow which is the size of a quarter coin or larger

  • The need to get up at night to change the pads

  • Experiencing persistent cramps during the period

If you are actively experiencing any of the above symptoms during your menstrual cycles, then you should seek immediate medical assistance. So, let us check out the causes and symptoms of heavy painful periods.

Hormonal imbalance

Every month, the tissues in your uterine region build up and later shed naturally during your menses. The tissues are called the endometrium. Further, the hormone estrogen regulates the growth of cells and causes the endometrium to become thick, while the hormone progesterone regulates the shedding of the cells and causing the tissues to thin. This mechanism is delicately balanced in equal proportions by both the hormones. However, this balance can get disrupted due to many factors, such as insulin resistance, thyroid problems, obesity, PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and menopause.

The imbalance in the levels of progesterone and estrogen in your body can lead to endometrial hyperplasia. Further, higher estrogen levels will make the lining of the uterine thicker, resulting in heavy painful periods.

Uterine conditions

Uterine fibroids are muscular noncancerous tumours that grow on the inside of the uterus or the inner wall of the uterus or its outer surface. Such outgrowths could cause heavy, painful periods, including different complications, like repeated miscarriages or infertility, as these fibroids alter or change the structure of the uterus.

Endometriosis happens when the uterine tissues that line the inner wall of the uterus grow outside the uterus. As a result, the uterine tissues get deposited in different regions such as the fallopian tube, ovaries, bowel, bladder or rectum. Endometriosis can also cause heavy periods. And the woman would need treatment for heavy painful periods.

Another possible condition could be adenomyosis, wherein the endometrial or uterine tissue, which lines the inner wall of the uterus, breaks out into the external muscular wall of the uterus. This uterine tissue becomes thicker, and then, it breaks down and bleeds in every menstrual cycle. This process results in excessive bleeding and extreme pain during the menstrual cycle.

Diseases and disorders

Heavy, painful periods could also indicate the presence of cancer in the ovaries, uterus or fallopian tubes. Sometimes, thyroid, kidney or liver diseases could also be the reason for heavy, painful periods. An early investigation, when done at the private gynaecology clinic in London, will identify the underlying condition and would ensure that you receive proper treatment and medication to get it cured before it complicates further.

Heavy periods could also be the symptom of disorders related to blood-clotting conditions that are hereditary in their characteristics, like the von Willebrand disease or haemophilia. Both the conditions arise due to the lack or deficiency of a significant blood-clotting element. These ailments could have serious consequences on the person if left untreated.

Some women experience heavy periods as a consequence of the problems linked to pregnancy, like ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage. Ectopic pregnancy would need immediate medical attention to prevent any fatal complications.

Birth control and medications

Sometimes, the side effects of certain prescribed medications include heavy painful periods. These medications include anti-inflammatory medicines, hormonal medicines, aspirin, and blood thinners or anticoagulants.

Women, who use copper IUDs or intrauterine devices, can also go through heavy periods, which could also be painful for some days. In these cases, bleeding returns to normal after the initial three to six months of inserting the IUD. However, if you still experience heavy periods after a certain period, then you should opt for another method of birth control.

Persistent heavy, painful periods can interfere with your emotional, physical and social wellbeing. In most cases, losing more than normal blood every month can also cause anaemia, and as a result, you will feel fatigued and weak all the time. Therefore, you should not delay diagnosis and treatment of the ailment, as prolonging treatment could escalate the condition putting you at risk of acquiring further advanced conditions.

Don’t delay a visit to the private gynaecology clinic if your heavy periods are persistent. An early diagnosis will help you find the proper treatment for your condition. It would undoubtedly improve your quality of life, and you can devote more time to your aspirations and endeavours.

If you want more information about laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery, then you must visit the Well Women Clinic today.

Unknown Reasons For Having Sudden Heavy Periods

Periods arrive in different sizes and shapes. Different women experience them differently — for some, it may be light and unproblematic, while for others, it could be painful and heavy, and in rare cases, may require a laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery. Now, what if you experience a sudden change in your periods from light to a heavier one? Well, several reasons can cause a sudden change in the pattern and intensity of your periods.

It is important to have an open discussion if you experience a sudden change in your pattern. After all, only highlighting your problem can provide you with the right solution. Plus, there is no point in prolonging heavy painful periods, as gradually, they will start to affect your personal life and routine. So, let us check out the common reasons for heavy painful periods.

Changes in weight

Weight gain has a significant influence on how heavy the monthly periods would be. It happens because the fat cells in your body hold on to estrogen, which gets released all over the body. This results in the dominance of the estrogen hormone throughout the body, affecting your normal menstrual cycle. This dominance is usually characterized by mood swings, painful breasts, heavy periods, bloating and irritability.

Similarly, huge weight loss can result in the shortage of the hormone estrogen, which could result in various symptoms like light and infrequent periods, and low mood, which could also become a problem.


Medications usually come with side effects. However, certain medications can cause your periods to become heavier. The list includes:

  • Anticoagulants

Anticoagulants are generally recommended to prevent the formation of blood clots. However, this effect mostly leads to heavy periods than normal.

  • Aspirin

Aspirin is used as a medication for several ailments, but it is most notably used as pain relief during periods. Many women are known to use it to reduce their cramps during periods. Aspirin, however, comes with blood-thinning properties and contributes to heavy periods.


PMS or premenstrual syndrome is generally described with a wide variety of symptoms, such as painful periods, fluid retention, heavy periods and irritability. Unfortunately, the true causes of PMS are still unclear. It is believed that PMS occurs mostly due to the imbalance in the estrogen and progesterone hormone levels in your body. It is also linked with stress and diet, and these factors are known to worsen the symptoms of heavy periods and painful periods.

Underlying condition

Sudden heavy painful periods can be a symptom of an underlying condition which persists undetected. Therefore, do not attempt to self-diagnose and self-medicate. If you experience sudden heavy periods, then visit your nearest private gynaecologist for diagnosis and treatment. The list of underlying conditions that can cause sudden heavy periods are:

  • Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)

DUB is a very common condition which usually occurs due to the hormonal imbalance within the body. This condition can result in bleeding even outside the regular menstruation period and even cause heavy bleeding. It occurs at any time during the reproductive years of the women. However, it is commonly observed after 40 years. And you have to seek treatment for heavy painful periods.

  • Uterine fibroids

Fibroids are tissue outgrowths that develop inside or around the uterus. Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous. The reason for such outgrowths is unclear. However, these growths could be attributed to the lower estrogen levels in the body. This condition is common among fertile women. Uterine fibroids cause heavy periods, constipation and extreme pain.

  • Underactive thyroid

When the thyroid gland fails to produce adequate thyroid hormones, it results in a condition called underactive thyroid. The symptoms of the ailment include depression, weight gain and tiredness. The most symptom is heavy and painful periods.

Change in Birth control measures

  • Contraceptive pill and patch

The use of a contraceptive pill or patch usually lightens the flow during periods. And if you stop using the contraceptives, then you could experience heavy periods than normal.

  • The coil

The coil is a commonly used contraceptive Intrauterine Device or IUD for birth control. This contraceptive IUD is inserted into the uterus by the private gynaecologist to prevent unwanted pregnancy. This IUD is effective and could last for many years. However, it comes with an inevitable side effect — heavy painful periods.

The side effect, however, is a temporary issue, and things would go back to normal after some menstrual cycles. This is because your body requires some time to adjust to the new contraception when it is introduced to your body.

These are some of the common reasons for heavy periods. If you experience any such symptoms, then you must seek treatment for heavy painful periods from a private gynaecologist. After all, they will help relieve you of the immense pain and suffering that you have to endure every month during your periods.

If you are searching for more information on laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery, then you must visit the Well Women Clinic today.

Heavy Periods: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Heavy bleeding is so common during periods that many women do not know that they suffer from menorrhagia. Surprisingly, one in every five women experiences menorrhagia. Therefore, women should be provided with more information to help them understand their condition. Only then will they seek the right treatment. So, let us check out the causes, symptoms and treatment methods for heavy painful periods.

Symptoms of heavy periods

Let us first understand what heavy periods are. When a woman experiences excessive bleeding that is above normal during her periods, it is generally termed as heavy periods. In medical terminology, the condition of heavy periods is termed as menorrhagia.

Now, how will one distinguish heavy periods or menorrhagia from a normal period? Here are the typical symptoms to watch out for:

  • Bleeding that lasts for longer than seven days
  • Doubling up your protection to prevent leakage
  • Changing your tampon or pad during nighttime
  • Blood soaks up more than one pads or tampons every hour
  • The clots of blood in the flow larger or equal to a quarter-sized coin

According to any private gynaecology clinic in London, even if you are experiencing any one of these symptoms, then you are suffering from heavy bleeding during periods.

Causes of heavy periods

A variety of conditions can cause menorrhagia, and most of these are treatable. As the causes are different for every woman, it is always advisable to visit your private gynaecology clinic to know the actual reasons. The major causes include:

  • Changes in life

Our body is sensitive to any change, and this reflects in our periods. Even a small rise in stress levels can cause irregular periods. There is no surprise that any major change in life would affect your periods. Therefore, women commonly experience heavy periods after childbirth or pregnancy, or the stage when the body transitions into menopause called the perimenopause.

  • Hormone Imbalance

Any fluctuations in the progesterone and estrogen levels in the body can cause heavy bleeding during periods. Some women experience low progesterone levels and high estrogen levels. This condition causes the outer lining of the uterus to thicken. And when this thick lining of the uterus sheds during periods, they experience large blood clots and heavy blood flow.

  • Birth control measures or changes in medication

Heavy bleeding during periods could be a side effect of certain medications, such as blood thinners. Also, certain birth control measures such as IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) can result in heavy bleeding. For instance, hormonal or copper IUD can cause heavy bleeding and prolonged periods for up to four to six months post-insertion. Seek treatment for heavy, painful periods if you experience such a problem.

  • Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition which is described as abnormal tissue outgrowth on the outer lining of the uterus that forms uterine polyps. This condition is painful and can shorten your menstruation cycle. Plus, you will experience heavy painful periods as the body slowly sheds the thick lining of the uterus.

  • Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are usually small, non-cancerous growths within the uterus. Their size ranges from that of a grain of sand to a large mass, and they can alter the size and shape of your uterus. This can cause heavy pain as well as excessive bleeding during periods.

Treatment for heavy painful periods

As there are a variety of reasons that cause menorrhagia, there are several types of treatments available too. The different treatment methods include:

  • Changes in diet

Sometimes, the food you eat can also act as medicine. Eating foods rich in iron can help decrease heavy bleeding and also prevent anaemia which is caused due to excessive blood loss. Include iron-rich foods in your diet — for instance, green leafy vegetables, seeds, nuts, beans, seafood and meat. Also, eat foods rich in vitamin C, such as broccoli, oranges and bell peppers, as it will help with the absorption of extra iron present in the diet. Avoid processed foods and fast foods.

  • OTC medications

Common medicines available over the counter, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, can decrease the pain due to menorrhagia and can even reduce the blood loss. These medications, used for the treatment of heavy painful periods, are called Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS). These medicines decrease the prostaglandin levels — the hormone which causes heavy bleeding and pain — in the lining of the uterus. For best results, take these medications during the periods to receive instant alleviation from the pain and heavy bleeding.

  • Hormone treatment

Doctors sometimes advice hormone therapy for the treatment of heavy, painful periods caused due to hormone imbalance. Hormone treatments, such as progesterone pills are generally used as effective methods to stop heavy bleeding. These pills can be taken regularly to balance the hormonal levels daily and to decrease the thickness of the lining of the uterus.

  • Birth control

Hormonal IUDs, patches, pills and other types of hormonal birth control methods can also heal with the treatment for heavy painful periods. These birth control methods can regulate your cycle, decrease the flow, and reduce the thickness of the uterine lining, thus alleviating the pain.


Heavy periods can be effectively managed by making certain changes in your lifestyle and through proper medication. In a few cases, wherein endometriosis or fibroids cause heavy periods, the condition can be treated with the help of surgery. Visit Well Women clinic and talk to our team of expert gynaecologists to find the right treatment for your heavy, painful periods.

Effective Natural Remedies & Treatment Available For Heavy Periods

For most women, periods can be a tiring phase of the month. Further, if they suffer from heavy bleeding during periods, then the ordeal is not just painful, it becomes stressful as well. In medical terms, heavy periods are called ‘Menorrhagia’, wherein a woman experiences prolonged or abnormally heavy menstrual bleeding, sometimes, with clots as well.

The common symptoms of Menorrhagia include needing to change your tampon/sanitary pad every 2 hours, feeling extreme tiredness, and formation of clots in the menstrual blood. During periods, if you experience too many cramps or a lot of blood loss that disrupts your daily routine, then you should consult a private gynaecologist and seek their advice.

The great news is that Menorrhagia can be successfully treated if the actual cause of heavy bleeding is determined. Today, let us discuss the various natural remedies and methods of treatment for heavy painful periods.

Natural remedies

  • Eat foods rich in magnesium: Heavy bleeding usually happens due to hormonal imbalance. Magnesium helps balance your hormone levels, which prevents massive bleeding during menstruation. Foods such as seeds and nuts, green vegetables, leafy vegetables, fruits (avocados, banana), legumes, and seafood (tuna, salmon), etc. are rich in magnesium, and you should include them in your daily diet to solve this problem naturally.


  • Drink ample fluids: The simplest natural remedy for heavy bleeding during menstruation is to drink plenty of fluids and keep yourself hydrated. This helps maintain the blood volume in your body during such tiring times, especially when the bleeding continues for days.


  • Eat iron-rich foods: Iron is an essential nutrient for your body, and an iron deficiency can worsen your bleeding during periods. Thus, you must add iron to your daily diet to tackle the problem of heavy bleeding naturally. Even otherwise, iron is extremely beneficial for your body and prevents anaemia. Foods such as beans, lentils, spinach, oysters and tofu are rich in iron. So, do make sure to include them in your diet.


  • Eat foods rich in vitamin C: Vitamin C is vital for your physical wellbeing. One of its many benefits is absorbing excessive iron from the body. Further, it also improves your immune system. In essence, vitamin C keeps your body strong and healthy, which, in turn, regulates your cycles and prevents loss of excess blood during periods. Foods such as oranges, tomatoes, green and red peppers, kiwis, and brussels sprouts are a rich source of vitamin C and should be a part of your diet.



After trying these natural remedies, if you’re still experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding, then you may need to look at medical treatments. Some options of treatment for heavy painful periods include:

  • Hormonal Intrauterine Device (IUD): Hormonal IUD can be used as an effective period pain treatment method for heavy, painful periods. Mirena coil is an effective hormonal IUD, which can be used to treat heavy periods. This IUD helps to decrease the cramping and lightens the amount of bleeding during menstruation.


  • Contraceptive pills: Contraceptive pills or birth control pills are commonly used for Menorrhagia treatment. These pills help regulate the menstruation cycle by balancing the hormone secretion, which results in less blood flow.


  • Oral medication: Oral medicines, such as Mefenamic acid or Examic acid, are often prescribed by doctors to prevent the excessive loss of blood. These pills are also helpful in treating mild or moderate cramps or period pain treatment.


  • Removal of fibroids/Uterine Polyps: This method can be used if medication proves ineffective at controlling the bleeding, or if the problem is more complex and needs a surgical procedure as a remedy. Some specialists advise the removal of fibroids/uterine polyps surgically to stop excessive bleeding during heavy painful periods.


These natural remedies and treatments have proven effective in solving the problem of heavy periods in women. You can certainly try the natural methods at home for better results. However, for medical treatment, you must consult a specialist to seek advice on the best option for heavy menstruation.

If you are searching for an expert private gynaecologist to treat your problem of heavy painful periods or other menstrual issues, visit us now.